According to Iraq's own data, in addition to having the second largest crude oil reserves in the world, the country also has significant reserves of gold and diamonds. Only recently has Iraq come to the forefront of gold mining in the world. But the country has a very rich history in this sector. Gold mining activities in the country date back to 4000 BC, during the Sumerian civilization.
Gold deposits also exist in the western desert and in the Kurdistan region in the north, which has significant zinc, copper and marble resources. Other resources include significant deposits of copper, gold, oil and natural gas. Also included in the list are lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, oil, natural gas, wood and arable land.